The country which is known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is situated in the easternmost part of the Indo China peninsula. The country is known to be the 15th most populous country in the world with an estimated population of nearly 94.6 million and her western part is bordered by Laos and Cambodia, Northern part by China, Southwestern part by Thailand and the Southeastern part by Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Hanoi stands to be the capital city of the country since the unification of North and South Vietnam in the year 1976. The country has been facing several interventions starting from that of Japan to the French and finally the barbaric interventions of the US government. The unification started under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh who is still believed to be one of the most influential figures of the Communist El Dorado. The Vietnam war was not confined within the walls of the country but turned out be an international issue further instigating rage among the democratic population of the world.
Various archeological excavations in the country provide an interesting history of human civilization which dates back to the Paleolithic Age. The Vietnam War stands to be one of the most crucial incidents of the country; North Vietnam received significant support from China as well as Russia in order to combat the barbaric areal bomb attacks by USA. The war led to a total death rate of nearly 966,000, however, South Vietnam held hands with USA during the war. Vietnam enjoys a significant position in terms of biological diversity and contains nearly 16% of the total species of the world. Politically Vietnam is a communist state, being one of the most significant ones in South East Asia. The government serves a Marxist Leninist Ideology and the Communist Party of Vietnam stands to be the principal policy maker of the country. The president not only stands to be the head of the state but also the head of the army.
The Communist government of the country has been shaping her economy principally through its five year plans. Agriculture stands to be the main source of economy in Vietnam and this includes rice cultivation. Bauxite mining industries, Aluminum industries have also made significant contributions to the economy of the country. Education in Vietnam is mainly controlled by the state, although there are a significant number of private institutions at present, various institutions are also partially privatized.
The Dong Sun culture stands to be the base of cultural developments in Vietnam; other elements from Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism are also included in the national culture of the country. Humanity and harmony are the key concepts of Vietnamese culture and these stands to be the primary elements of desire of the citizens of the country. The literature of the country is deep rooted in her folk literature, although at present one gets to see a blend of various styles and traditions. Northern classical music stands to be the most traditional form of music in Vietnam.